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Deficiency of Vitamin 'C' in the body causes which diseases?
1. Pellagra
2. Scurvy
3. Goiter
4. Night Blindness

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Correct Answer - Option 2 : Scurvy

The correct answer is Scurvy.

  • Scurvy is a disease resulting from the deficiency of vitamin C. Its symptoms include weakness, feeling tired, and sore arms and legs.
  • The deficiency may be caused by not eating enough fresh fruits and vegetables.
  • It can cause bruising, dry hair and skin, gum and dental problems, and anemia.
  • Typical symptoms and sometimes blood tests are the basis of the diagnosis. 

  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is vital for bone, skin, and connective tissue formation, growth, and repair.
  • It is also important for normal blood vessel function.
  • Vitamin C helps preserve healthy gums and teeth.
  • It helps the body to absorb the iron needed for the production of red blood cells.
  • Vitamin C also assists in healing burns and wounds.
  • Citrus fruits, tomatoes, potatoes, broccoli, strawberries, and sweet peppers are good sources of vitamin C. 
  • The deficiency is usually corrected by increasing the consumption of fresh fruits and vegetables or by taking vitamin C supplements orally.
Common diseases and their causes

Disease

Cause

Pellagra Vitamin B3
Night Blindness Vitamin A

Beri Beri

Vitamin B1

Goiter

Iodine

Anemia

Iron

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