Following are the problems associated with railways in India.
i. India is a developing country. As such, it does not have sufficient funds to provide railway service to such a large population.
ii. Because of a varied relief, it is not possible to set up railways everywhere.
iii. Maintenance of railways involves huge costs, large amount of skilled workforce and good management which is a problem.
iv. Since railways have not been able to reap substantial profits, not enough investment has been made on machinery, tracks and procuring latest technology.
v. Due to the rising population, the gap between the demand for rail transport and supply is increasing.
vi. Railways are facing a tough competition with other modes of transport such as roadways and airways.
vii. Heavy consumption of electricity
viii. Because of the above reasons, Indian Railways has earned an image of being inefficient.