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Who was the father of 'Operation Flood'?
1. Dr. Norman Borlaug
2. Dr. M. S. Swaminathan
3. Dr. Verghese Kurien
4. Dr. William Gande

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Dr. Verghese Kurien

The correct answer is Dr. Verghese Kurien​.

  • Operation Flood" is a mission to increase the performance of the dairy sector.
  • Operation Flood is called the White Revolution in India.
  • Operation Flood was launched in 1970 by National Dairy Development Board during the time of the Fourth Five Year Plan.
  • Operation flood was the world's biggest dairy development program which gave a major thrust to the milk production of the nation.
  • It aimed at helping the dairy industry sustain itself economically while providing employment to poor farmers.
  • The result was that India became the largest producer of Milk and Milk Products.
  • White Revolution contributed to a large extent to alleviate poverty in India.
  • Gujarat-based co-operation “Anand Milk Union Limited” (Amul) was the engine behind the success of the program.
  • The program to increase the production of milk is called White Revolution.
  • Indian Dairy Association decided to observe the birthday of Verghese Kurien as National Milk Day.
  • 'Unfinished Dream' is a book written by Verghese Kurien.


  • Father of White Revolution in India - Verghese Kurien.
  • Milkman of India - Verghese Kurien.
  • National Milk Day - November 26.
  • National Dairy Development Board - Anand (Gujarat).
  • National Dairy Research Institute - Karnal (Haryana).
  • The largest producer of Milk and Milk Products in the World - India.

Person Details
Dr. Verghese Kurien

Dr. Verghese Kurien was born on November 26, 1921, in Calicut (now Kozhikode), Kerala.

Dr. Kurien’s billion-liter idea gave birth to the world’s largest agricultural dairy development program, which made dairy farming India's largest self-sustaining industry.

Fondly known as the Milkman of India, Dr. Kurien is the man behind the flourishing state of Indian milk and the dairy industry.

Dr. Norman Borlaug

Norman Ernest Borlaug was an American agronomist who led initiatives worldwide that contributed to the extensive increases in agricultural production termed the Green Revolution.

In 1970 Norman E. Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for a lifetime of work to feed a hungry world.

Dr. M.S. Swaminathan

Swaminathan Indian geneticist and international administrator, renowned for his leading role in India’s Green Revolution.

Program under which high-yield varieties of wheat and rice seedlings were planted in the fields of poor farmers.

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