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Who joined Subhas Chandra Bose to found All India Forward Bloc and actively associated with the INA movement?
1. Jai Prakash Narayan
2. Baikunth Shukla
3. Sheel Bhadra Yajee
4. Ram Narain Prasad
5. None of the above/More than one of the above

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Correct Answer - Option 3 : Sheel Bhadra Yajee

The correct answer is Sheel Bhadra Yajee.

  • Sheel Bhadra Yajee joined Subhas Chandra Bose to found All India Forward Bloc and actively associated with the INA movement.
  • Sheel Bhadra Yajee:
    • Sheel Bhadra Yajee was a social activist from Bihar who was associated with the non-violent and violent form of the Indian independence movement.
    • Pandit Sheel Bhadra Yajee birth took on 22 March 1906 at Bhaktiyarpur village in Patna district of Bihar.
    • He was the only child of Pandit Shivtahal Yajee and Smt. Reshma Yajee.
    • Sheel Bhadra mother died when he was just 10-years-old.
    • Yajee's involvement in the freedom movement began in 1928 when, as a student, he attended the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress.
    • He affixed to the Congress Socialist Party four years later and became involved in the Kisan movement.
    • Later, he came in near touch with Subhas Chandra Bose and Mahatma Gandhi.

  • Subhas Chandra Bose:
    • Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist whose defiant patriotism made him a hero in India.
    • His attempts during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan left a troubled legacy.
    • Subhash Chandra Bose was twice elected President of the Indian National Congress, (1938-Haripur and 1939-Tripuri) the country’s most important political force for freedom from the Raj or British rule.
    • Owing to political differences, he resigned from the Congress Presidentship in 1939 and organised the All India Forward Bloc a faction within the Congress in Bengal.
    • The purpose was to consolidate the political left and major support base in his home state Bengal.
  • Jai Prakash Narayan:
    • In 1948, he left the Congress Party and initiated an anti-Congress Campaign.
    • In 1952, he formed the Praja Socialist Party (PSP).
    • In 1954, he devoted his life exclusively to the Bhoodan Yajna Movement, of Vinoba Bhave, which demanded land redistribution to the landless.
    • In 1959 he argued for a “reconstruction of Indian polity” by means of a four-tier hierarchy of village, district, state, and union councils (Chaukhamba Raj).
    • He started Total Revolution: Against Indira Gandhi Regime as she was found guilty of violating electoral laws by the Allahabad High Court.
    • He advocated a program of social transformation which he termed ‘Sampoorna Kranti' (total revolution) in 1974 against corruption in public life.
  • Baikunth Shukla:
    • Shaheed Baikunth Shukla was an Indian nationalist and revolutionary.
    • He was the nephew of Yogendra Shukla, one of the founders of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).
    • Baikunth Shukla was hanged for murdering Traitor Phanindra Nath Ghosh who had become a government approver which led to the hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and ShivRam Rajguru.
    • Baikunth Shukla was also initiated into the freedom struggle at a young age taking an active part in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930.
    • He was associated with revolutionary organisations like the Hindustan Seva Dal and HSRA.
    • The execution of Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev in 1931 as a result of their trial in the Lahore conspiracy case was an event that shook the entire country.

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