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The Mauryan pillar capital also known as the Lion Capital is found at
1. Patna
2. Ujjain
3. Sankisa
4. Sarnath

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Sarnath

The correct answer is Sarnath.

  • Some of the existing pillars with capital figures were found at Basarah-Bakhira, Lauriya- Nandangarh, and Rampurva in Bihar, Sankisa, and Sarnath in Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Mauryan pillar capital found at Sarnath popularly known as the Lion Capital is the finest example of Mauryan sculptural tradition. 
  • Sarnath is the site of Buddha's First Sermon where he shared the Four Noble Truths (the dharma or the law).
  • Currently, the pillar remains where it was originally sunk into the ground, but the capital is now on display at the Sarnath Museum.

  • Founder of Mauryan Empire - Chandragupta Maurya
  • The Mauryan Empire, formed around 321 B.C.E. and ended in 185 B.C.E. 
  • Major Rock Edicts of Ashoka: 14 Edicts (termed 1st to 14th) and 2 separate ones found in Odisha; in Prakrit and Greek.
  • Major Pillar Edicts of Ashoka: 7 Edicts, inscribed at the end of Ashoka's reign; in Prakrit.

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