LIVE Course for free

Rated by 1 million+ students
Get app now
0 votes
2.5k views
in Chemistry by (106k points)
Discuss the various reactions that occur in the Solvay process.

1 Answer

0 votes
by (315k points)
selected by
 
Best answer

In Solvay process, CO2 is passed through brine saturated with ammonia .when NaHCO3 being sparingly soluble gets precipitated. 

NaCl + NH3 + CO2 -------> NaHCO3 + NH4Cl -----(i) 

Sodium bicarbonate thus formed is filtered, dried and then heated when sodium carbonate is Obtained.

2 NaHCO3 ------> Na2CO3 + CO2 + H2O CO2 needed for the reaction shown in eq.(i) is prepared by heating calcium carbonate and the quick lime, CaO thus formed is dissolved in water to form slaked lime, Ca(OH)2 . NH3 needed for the purpose is prepared by heating NH4Cl.

Related questions

Welcome to Sarthaks eConnect: A unique platform where students can interact with teachers/experts/students to get solutions to their queries. Students (upto class 10+2) preparing for All Government Exams, CBSE Board Exam, ICSE Board Exam, State Board Exam, JEE (Mains+Advance) and NEET can ask questions from any subject and get quick answers by subject teachers/ experts/mentors/students.

Categories

...