Correct Answer - Option 4 : All the above four statements are correct.
Features of Buddhist Education:
1. The chief aim of education was the spread of the Buddhist religion and the attainment of Nirvana through it.
2. Education was imparted in Mathias, Viharas, and Monasteries and monks were responsible for its organization and management.
3. All differences of caste and social status which had taken deep roots under the Brahmanical education had been removed. The attitude of society towards education was broad and positive. Not only the sacred portals of the institutions were opened to all but also all the students were provided equal opportunities for the development of their character according to their capacity and aptitude.
4. Along with religious and philosophical aspects of education secular education formed an essential part of it. Besides, rituals were in vogue while imparting education.
5. There existed a harmonious relationship between the teacher and the taught. Students had great respect for the teachers and the teachers had tremendous love and affection for the students. They led a very disciplined life.
6. Though the educational system was dominated by religion yet there was provision for imparting practical knowledge in Spinning, Weaving, Drawing, and Medicine, etc. The medium of instruction was folk language—Pali.
7. Lecture, questioning, and discussion were the main methods of teaching.
8. Democratic ways of teaching were done in these monasteries.
Hence, the correct answer is Option 4.