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Industrial Society “May truly be said to be a miserly, selfish system” which socialist thinker wrote these words in 1857?
1. Robertowen
2. Pierre Joseph Proudhan
3. Friedrich engles
4. Karlmarx

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Correct Answer - Option 1 : Robertowen

Robertowen wrote the words “May truly be said to be a miserly, selfish system” in 1857.

  • He said these lines while talking about the free traders doing free and friendly communication with the distant nations.
  • He is of the view that there is no friendship in trade. It cultivates all the lowest faculties of humanity and discourages all the superior.
  • Then he commented that it may truly be said to be a miserly, selfish system.

  •  Robertowen was a Welsh textile manufacturer, philanthropist and social reformer who was the founder of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
    • He is known among other things for efforts to improve his factory's working conditions, promoting experimental socialistic communities, and proposing a more collective approach to child-rearing, including government control of education.
  • Pierre-Joseph Proudhon was the first political thinker and activist to embrace the term ‘anarchist’ and is often seen as the ‘father of anarchism’.
    • He defined anarchism as the ‘absence of a master, of a sovereign and developed the idea of mutualism which forms an important link between individualist and collectivist anarchism.
  • Friedrich Engels was a German philosopher, social scientist, journalist, and businessman who lived from 1820 to 1895.
    • His collection of work done with Karl Marx laid the groundwork for modern communism.
    • Engels and Marx wrote and published many articles and books together that attempted to expose the uneven distribution of wealth gained during the Industrial Revolution.
    • Their writings see capitalism as an exploitative system that benefits the owners of the land, capital, and means of production more than the workforce.
    • Specifically, Engels and Marx claimed that the surplus value created by workers in excess of wages produced significant profits for owners of capital—a central theme in Engel's contributions to modern communism.
  • Karl Marx (1818-1883) was a philosopher, author, social theorist, and economist.
    • He is famous for his theories about capitalism and communism.
    • Marx, in conjunction with Friedrich Engels, published The Communist Manifesto in 1848.
    • Later in life, he wrote Das Kapital (the first volume was published in Berlin in 1867; the second and third volumes were published posthumously in 1885 and 1894, respectively), which discussed the labour theory of value.

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