1. Presence of opposite sex: Opposite sex plays a vital role in motivation. Usually girls are motivated by the presence of boys, whereas boys are motivated by the presence of girls. This is an innate tendency of human brings. Even girls as well as boys try to be smart and active in the presence of opposite sex.
2. Spectators: If there is a huge number of spectators, it will have a positive effect on the players. But its effectiveness depends upon the experiences and maturity of athletes. If an inexperienced athlete participates in completion, which is full of spectators, then he will not be able to perform better in comparison to an experienced others.
3. Hypnotism: The motivation through hypnotism can be effective but, generally, it is discarded by the public. It has its scientific base. Several studies show its positive effects. Simple and direct strength may be improved through hypnotism if it is properly employed by a trained person.