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Fill up the blank: "Kohlberg’s theory explains _______ development of a child."
1. Social
2. Physical
3. Cognitive
4. Moral

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Correct Answer - Option 4 : Moral

Lawrence Kohlberg, an American psychologist, has propounded the 'Theory of Moral Development.

  • Kohlberg has made a systematic study of moral development in his theory that is categorized into 3 levels and 6 stages. 
  • He created moral development theory by posing moral dilemmas to groups of children as well as adolescents and adults.
  • According to Kohlberg moral dilemma is the thinking process involved in judgments about questions of right & wrong. 

 

Refer to the table to be familiar with all the levels of Kohlberg's theory.

Level 1:

Pre-moral stage/Pre-conventional Morality

Stage 1: The Obedience & Punishment Orientation - behavior driven by avoiding punishment

Stage 2: Individualism & exchange orientation- behavior driven by self-interest and rewards

Level 2:

Conventional Morality

Stage 3: Good Boy - Nice Girl Orientation - behavior driven by social approval

Stage 4: The Law & Order Orientation:

behavior is driven by obeying authority and conforming to social order

Level:

Post-conventional Morality

Stage 5: Social contract legalistic orientation: behavior driven by a balance of social order and individual rights

Stage 6: The Universal Ethical Principle Orientation: behavior driven by internal moral principle.

 

Hence, it could be concluded that "Kohlberg’s theory explains moral development of a child."

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